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Candide

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Publisher:
Varies, see individual formats and editions
Pub. Date:
Varies, see individual formats and editions
Language:
English
Accelerated Reader:
IL: UG - BL: 7.3 - AR Pts: 5
Lexile measure:
1010L
Description
Candide is the story of a gentle man who, though pummeled and slapped in every direction by fate, clings desperately to the belief that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds." On the surface a witty, bantering tale, this eighteenth-century classic is actually a savage, satiric thrust at the philosophical optimism that proclaims that all disaster and human suffering is part of a benevolent cosmic plan. Fast, funny, often outrageous, the French philosopher's immortal narrative takes Candide around the world to discover that -- contrary to the teachings of his distringuished tutor Dr. Pangloss -- all is not always for the best. Alive with wit, brilliance, and graceful storytelling, Candide has become Voltaire's most celebrated work.
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ISBN:
9780553211665
9781596596719
9781982495947
9789176371077
9780486117638
9781402570469
9781400191086
9781420963816
9781420937381
Accelerated Reader:
UG
Level 7.3, 5 Points
Lexile measure:
1010L
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Grouping Information

Grouped Work ID30c60902-12c5-1907-4cda-f6d06e7e4e85
Grouping Titlecandide
Grouping Authorvoltaire
Grouping Categorybook
Grouping LanguageEnglish (eng)
Last Grouping Update2020-10-21 00:02:01AM
Last Indexed2020-10-21 04:20:22AM
Novelist Primary ISBNnone

Solr Details

accelerated_reader_interest_levelUG
accelerated_reader_point_value5
accelerated_reader_reading_level7.3
auth_author2Bair, Lowell.
Davenport, Jack, 1973-
Donnelly, Donal.
Hagen, Don,
Pearson, Roger.
Voltaire, 1694-1778.
Whitworth, Tom.
authorVoltaire, 1694-1778.
author2-roleBair, Lowell.
Davenport, Jack,1973-|Narrator
Donnelly, Donal.
Hagen, Don,narrator.
Pearson, Roger.
Voltaire,1694-1778.Candide.
Whitworth, Tom.
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display_description"CANDIDE, OU L'OPTIMISME" is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism (or simply "optimism") by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best" in the "best of all possible worlds." Candide is characterised by its sarcastic tone as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious Bildungs¬roman, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism. As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned because it contained religious blasphemy, political sedition and intellectual hostility hidden under a thin veil of naïveté. However, with its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognized as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon; it is among the most frequently taught works of French literature. The British poet and literary critic Martin Seymour-Smith listed Candide as one of the 100 most influential books ever written.
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seriesBantam classic
First Avenue Classics
series_with_volumeBantam classic|
subject_facetAudiobooks
Electronic books
Enlightenment -- 18th century -- Fiction
French fiction -- Translations into English
French literature
Great Britain -- Civilization -- 18th century
Historical fiction
Imaginary letters
Inquisition -- Fiction
Life -- Fiction
Optimism -- Fiction
Optimism -- Philosophy -- Fiction
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century -- Fiction
Political satire
Satire, French -- Early works to 1800
Voltaire, -- 1694-1778 -- Translations into English
title_displayCandide
title_fullCandide / by Voltaire ; translated by Lowell Bair ; with an appreciation by Andre Maurois ; illustrations by Sheilah Beckett
Candide [electronic resource] / Voltaire
Candide [electronic resource] Voltaire, 1694-1778.
Candide [sound recording] / by Franc̜ois de Voltaire
Candide and other stories [electronic resource] Voltaire, 1694-1778.
title_shortCandide
topic_facetAudiobooks
Civilization
Electronic books
Enlightenment
French fiction
French literature
Imaginary letters
Inquisition
Life
Optimism
Philosophy
Philosophy, Modern
Political satire
Satire, French
Voltaire